Journal articles


  1. Emerson E, Milner A, Aitken Z, Vaughan C, Llewellyn G & Kavanagh A.  Exposure to discrimination and subsequent changes in self-rated health: prospective evidence from the UK's Life Opportunities Survey.  Public Health 185 (2020) 176-181. 
  2. King T, Hewitt B, Crammond B, Sutherland G, Maheen H & Kavanagh A. Reordering gender systems: can COVID-19 lead to improved gender equality and health? The Lancet 18 June 2020 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31418-5
  3. Kavanagh A. Disability and public health research in Australia. Aust NZ J Public Health 2020 25 June
  4. Dickinson H, Carey G & Kavanagh AM.  Personalisation and pandemic: an unforeseen collision course? Disability & Society 2020; 1 June 10.1080/09687599.2020.1772201
  5. Carey G, Dickinson H & Kavanagh A. Covid-19: challenges for people with intellectual disability – Rapid Response (Letter). BMJ 2020 11 June;369:m1609
  6. Devine A, Vaughan C & Kavanagh A."If I had stable housing I would be a bit more receptive to having a job". Factors influencing the effectiveness of Disability Employment Services reform. Work 2020;65(4):775-787. 10.3233/WOR-203130
  7. Lamb KE, Thornton LE, King TL, Ball K SR, White, Bentley R, Coffee NT & Daniel M. Methods for accounting for neighbourhood self-selection in physical activity and dietary behaviour research: a systematic review.  Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020 Apr 1;17(1):45  doi: 10.1186/s12966-020-00947-2
  8. King T, Shields M, Byars S, Kavanagh A & Milner A. Breadwinners and losers: does the mental health of mothers, fathers and children vary by household employment arrangements? Evidence from seven waves of data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Am Journal Epidemiol. (Accepted 12 March 2020).
  9. Priest N, Truong M, Chong S, Paradies Y, King T, Kavanagh A, Olds T, Craig J & Burgner D. Experiences of racial discrimination and cardiometabolic risk among Australian children. Brain Behavior Immunity. 25 February 2020.
  10. Milner A, Disney G, Byars S et al. The effect of gender on mental health service use: an examination of mediation through material, social and health‑related pathways. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol  13 Feb 2020, 1-11.
  11. King TL, Shields M, Sojo V, Daraganova G, Currier D, O'Neil A, King K & Milner A. Expressions of masculinity and associations with suicidal ideation among young males. BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):228.  doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-2475-y.
  12. Scovelle AJ, Milner A, Beauchamp A, et al. The importance of considering sex and gender in cardiovascular research. Heart Lung Circ. 2020;29(1):e7–e8. doi:10.1016/j.hlc.2019.08.011


  1. Aitken Z, Simpson JA, Bentley R, Milner A, LaMontagne AD & Kavanagh A. Does the effect of disability acquisition on mental health differ by employment characteristics? A longitudinal fixed-effects analysis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 24 Oct 2019, 1-9.
  2. Bollier AM, King T, Austin SB, Shakespeare T, Spittal M & Kavanagh A.  Does sexual orientation vary between disabled and non-disabled men? findings from a population-based study of men in Australia, Disability & Society,  3 Dec 2019,  10.1080/09687599.2019.1689925
  3. Bollier AM, King T, Hocking J, Shakespeare T & Kavanagh A. Sexual functioning in men with and without disability: Findings from a representative sample of Australian males. J Sex Med 2019
  4. Currier D, Patton G, Sanci L, Milner A et al. Socioeconomic Disadvantage, Mental Health and Substance Use in Young Men in Emerging Adulthood . Behav Med. 2019 Jun;1–9. 10.1080/08964289.2019.1622504 
  5. Daly A, Carey RN, Darcey E, Milner A et al. Using Three Cross-Sectional Surveys to Compare Workplace Psychosocial Stressors and Associated Mental Health Status in Six Migrant Groups Working in Australia Compared with Australian-Born Workers. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(5):735. doi:10.3390/ijerph16050735
  6. Devine A, Dickinson H, Brophy L, Kavanagh A & Vaughan C. ‘I don’t think they trust the choices I will make.’ – Narrative analysis of choice and control for people with psycho-social disability within reform of the Australian Disability Employment Services program. Public Management Review Jul 2019
  7. Disney G, Gurrin L, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Milner A, Kavanagh A & Petrie D. Hierarchical models for international comparisons: a case study of smoking, disability and social inequality in 21 European countries. Epidemiology. 2019; Dec 13. 10.1097/EDE.0000000000001154.
  8. Emerson E, King T, Llewellyn G, Milner A, Aitken Z, Arciuli J & Kavanagh A. Emotional difficulties and self-harm among British adolescents with and without disabilities: Cross sectional study. Disabil Health J. 2019 May 11. pii: S1936-6574(19)30091-3. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.04.007
  9. Gayed A, Tan L, LaMontagne A, Milner A, Deady M, Milligan-Saville JS, Madan Ira, Calvo Rafael A, Christensen H, Mykletun A, Glozier N & Harvey SB.  A comparison of face-to-face and online training in improving managers' confidence to support the mental health of workers, Internet Interventions, 2019, 1-6, doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2019.100258.
  10. Gayed A, Milligan-Saville JS, Nicholas J, Milner A et al. Effectiveness of training workplace managers to understand and support the mental health needs of employees: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Occup Environ Med. 2018;75(6):462–470. doi:10.1136/oemed-2017-104789
  11. Jensen NK, Brønnum-Hansen H, Anderson I, Thielen K, McAllister A, Burström B, Barr B, Whitehead M, Diderichsen F.  Too sick to work, too healthy to qualify: a cross-country analysis of the effect of changes to disability benefits. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2019 Apr 29. pii: jech-2019-212191. doi: 10.1136/jech-2019-212191.
  12. Karahalios A, Pega F, Aitken Z, Milner A, Simpson J & Kavanagh A. The cumulative effect of living with disability on mental health in working-age adults: an analysis using marginal structural models. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Mar, 1-10 10.1007/s00127-019-01688-9
  13. King T, Shields M, Milner A, Vaughan C, Shakespeare T, Currier D, Kavanagh A. Conformity to masculine norms: differences between men with and without a disability. Psychology of Men & Masculinities. 2019 19 Sep.
  14. King T, Shields M, Shakespeare T, Milner A & Kavanagh A. An intersectional approach to understandings of mental health inequalities among men with disability. SSM- Population Health. Vol 9, Dec 2019, 100464
  15. King T, Singh A, Milner A & Kavanagh A. Associations between gender role attitudes and mental health outcomes in a nationally representative sample of Australian adolescents. J Adolescent Health 2019 1-7 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.01.011
  16. King T,  Aitken Z, Milner A, Karahalios A, Emerson E & Kavanagh A. Mental health of adolescents: variations by borderline intellectual functioning and disability. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019: 13 Feb, 1-10. 10.1007/s00787-019-01278-9
  17. King T, Batterham P, Lingard H, Gullestrup J,  Lockwood C, Harvey S, Kelly B,  LaMontagne AD & Milner A. Are young men getting the message? Age differences in suicide prevention literacy among construction workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019: 16, 475; doi:10.3390/ijerph16030475
  18. Liu X, Bowe S, Milner A, Li Lin, Lay San Too & LaMontagne AD. Job Insecurity: A comparative analysis between migrant and native workers in Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 201916(21), 4159;
  19. Magnusson Hanson LL, Rod NH, Vahtera J, et al. Multicohort study of change in job strain, poor mental health and incident cardiometabolic disease. Occup Environ Med. 2019;76(11):785–792. doi:10.1136/oemed-2018-105595
  20. Marck CH, Aitken Z, Weilland T, Kavanagh A & Jelinkek G.  Predictors of change in employment status and associations with quality of life: a prospective international study of people with multiple sclerosis. J Occ Rehabilitation. Accepted 18 July 2019.
  21. Marck CH, das Nair R, Grech LB, Borland R & Constantinescu CS. Modifiable risk factors for poor health outcomes in multiple sclerosis: The urgent need for research to maximise smoking cessation success. MS Journal, 2019,1-6.
  22. Milner A, Aitken Z, Byars S, Butterworth P & Kavanagh A. Do gender and psychosocial job stressors modify the relationship between disability and sickness absence: An investigation using 12 waves of a longitudinal cohort. Scand J Work Environ Health December 2019, doi:10.5271/sjweh.3865
  23. Milner A, Law PCF, LaMontagne AD, Mann Cooper T & Witt K. The relationship between an electronic mental health stigma campaign and suicidal thoughts and behaviours: a two-arm randomized controlled trial in the Australian construction industry, Health promotion international, 2019 pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1093/heapro/daz034.
  24. Milner A, King T, Scovelle AJ, Batterham PH, Kelly B, LaMontagne AD, Harvey SB, Gullestrup J & Lockwood C. A blended face-to-face and smartphone intervention for suicide prevention in the construction industry: protocol for a randomized controlled trial with MATES in Construction. BMC Psychiatry 2019 June (19):146.
  25. Milner A, Scovelle A, King T & Madsen I. Exposure to work stress and use of psychotropic medications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health 2019
  26. Milner AJ, Shields M, Currier D & King TL. Male-dominated occupations, employment status, and suicidal behaviours among Australian men: A follow-up study using two waves of data from the ten to men cohort. Crisis:  Journal Crisis Intervention & Suicide Prevention 2019
  27. Milner A, Shields M, King T, Aitken Z, LaMontagne AD & Kavanagh A. Disabling working environments and mental health: a commentary. Disabil Health J 2019
  28. Milner A, Shields M & King T. The influence of masculine norms and mental health on health literacy among men: evidence from the Ten to Men study. American J Men's Health 2019
  29. Milner A, Kavanagh A, Shields S, Török E & O’Neil A. Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review. Int J Environ Research and Public Health. 2019 1 Apr; 16 (7), 1169.
  30. Milner A, Petrie D, LaMontagne A & Butterworth P. Do psychosocial job stressors influence mental health service use? Evidence from an Australian cohort. BMJ - Occu & Enviro Medicine, 2019 (20: 10.1136/oemed-2018-105440
  31. Milner A, King T & Kavanagh A. The mental health impacts of health and human service work: Longitudinal evidence about differential exposure and susceptibility using 16 waves of cohort data. Prev Medicine 2019 Feb, Vol 14, 100826, 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100826
  32. McAllister A. Mental illnesses are not an ‘ideal type’ of disability for disability income support: Perceptions of policymakers in Australia and Canada. Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11. 10.1177/1403494818816903
  33. Niedhammer I, Milner A, Geoffroy-Perez B, Coutrot T, LaMontagne AD, Chastang JF. Prospective associations of psychosocial work exposures with mortality in France: STRESSJEM study protocol. BMJ Open. 2019;9(10):e031352. 2019 Oct 31. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031352
  34. Priest N, Kavanagh A, Becares L & King T.  Cumulative effects of bullying and racial discrimination on adolescent health in Australia. Journal of Health & Social Behavior. 17 September 2019.
  35. Rachele JN, Disney G, Milner A, Emerson E, Krnjacki L & Kavanagh A. Violence and mental health: does disability make a difference? Epidemiology.  Oct 2019. https://doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000001119
  36. Rachele J,  Schmid C, Brown W, Nathan A, Carlijn BM, Kamphuis & Turrell G. A multilevel study of neighbourhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic position, and body mass index: Exploring cross-level interaction effects. Prev Medicine Reports, 2019 June, Vol 14, 100844 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100844
  37. Sutherland G, Milner A, Dwyer J, et al. Implementation and evaluation of the Victorian Suicide Register. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2018;42(3):296–302. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12725
  38. Latt S, Milner A & Kavanagh A. Abortion laws reform may reduce maternal mortality: an ecological study in 162 countries. BMC Women's Health 2019, 19:1,
  39. Loh V, Rachele J, Brown W, Ghani F, Washington S & Turrell G. The potential for walkability to narrow neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in physical function: A case study of middle-aged to older adults in Brisbane, Australia. Health and Place 2019 Feb 1, 56:99-105.
  40. Witt K, Milner A, Spittal MJ, et al. Population attributable risk of factors associated with the repetition of self-harm behaviour in young people presenting to clinical services: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019;28(1):5–18. doi:10.1007/s00787-018-1111-6 
  41. Witt K, Milner A, Chastang JF, LaMontagne AD, Niedhammer I. Impact of lifetime compared to adolescent-onset mental illness on psychosocial employment quality in adulthood: analysis of a nationally representative French cohort. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2018;91(7):887–900. doi:10.1007/s00420-018-1331-6
  42. Woodford R, Spittal MJ, Milner A, et al. Accuracy of Clinician Predictions of Future Self-Harm: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Predictive Studies. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2019;49(1):23–40. doi:10.1111/sltb.12395


  1. Aitken Z, Simpson J, Gurrin L, Bentley R & Kavanagh A. Do material, psychosocial and behavioural factors mediate the relationship between disability acquisition and mental health? A sequential causal mediation analysis. Int J Epidemiol 2018, 47(3):829-840. 10.1093/ije/dyx277
  2. Aitken Z, Baker E, Badland H, Mason K, Bentley R, Beer A & Kavanagh A. Precariously placed: Housing affordability, quality and satisfaction of Australians with disabilities. Disability & Society 2018 22 Dec, 10.1080/09687599.2018.1521333
  3. Barnard E, Brown CR, Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA & Marck CH. Understanding barriers, enablers, and long-term adherence to a health behavior intervention in people with multiple sclerosis. Disabil Rehabil 2018. 10.1080/09638288.2018.1510550
  4. Bentley R, Blakely T, Kavanagh A, Aitken Z, King T, McElwee P, Giles-Corti B & Turrell G. Can changes in the built environments increase walking for transport? Environmental Health Perspectives 2018; 126(5), 1-8. 10.1289/EHP2080
  5. Bentley R, Blakely T, Kavanagh AMAitken ZKing T, McElwee P, Giles-Corti B & Turrell G. A longitudinal study examining changes in street connectivity, land use, and density of dwellings and walking for transport in Brisbane, Australia. Environmental Health Perspectives 2018, 126(5) 1-8. 10.1289/EHP2080
  6. Bingham A, Garrett, C, Bayly C, Kavanagh A, Keogh L, Bentley R & Hocking J. The levonorgestrel intrauterine device in Australia: analysis of prescribing data 2008–2012. BMC Women's Health, 2018, 18:194. 10.1186/s12905-018-0680-3
  7. Chandrabose M, Rachele JN, Gunn LD, Kavanagh A, Owen N, Turrell G, Giles-Corti B & Sugiyama T. Built environment and cardio-metabolic health: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Obesity Reviews 2018 25 September (Epub).
  8. Daly A, Carey RN, Darvey E, Chih H, LaMontagne AD, Milner A & Reid A. Workplace psycho-social stressors experienced by migrant workers in Australia: A cross-sectional study. PLOS One 2018 Sep 20, 13(9). 10.1371/journal.pone.0203998
  9. Demaneuf T, Aitken Z, Karahalios A, Ieng Leong T,  De Livera AM, Jelinek GA, Weiland TJ & Marck CH. The effectiveness of exercise interventions for pain reduction in people with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018. 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.178.
  10. Gayed A, LaMontagne AD, Milner A, Deady M, Calvo RA, Christensen H, Mykletun A, Glozier N, Harvey SB. A New Online Mental Health Training Program for Workplace Managers: Pre-Post Pilot Study Assessing Feasibility, Usability, and Possible Effectiveness. JMIR Ment Health 2018;5(3):e10517. 10.2196/10517
  11. Gayed A, LaMontagne AD, Milner A, et al. A New Online Mental Health Training Program for Workplace Managers: Pre-Post Pilot Study Assessing Feasibility, Usability, and Possible Effectiveness. JMIR Ment Health. 2018;5(3):e10517. Published 2018 Jul 3. doi:10.2196/10517
  12. Gayed A, Bryan BT, Petrie K, Milner A et al. A protocol for the HeadCoach trial: the development and evaluation of an online mental health training program for workplace managers. BMC Psychiatry. 2018;18(1):25. 2018 Jan 29. doi:10.1186/s12888-018-1603-4
  13. Ghani F, Rachele JN, Loh VHY, Washington S, Turrell G. Do differences in built environments explain age differences in transport walking across neighbourhoods?Journal of Transport and Health 2018, 9, 83-95. 10.1016/j.jth.2018.03.010
  14. Jelinek PL, Simpson Jr S, Brown CR, Marck CH, de Livera A, O'Kearney E, Brown C, Taylor KL, Neate SL & Weiland TJ. Self-reported cognitive function in a large international cohort of people with multiple sclerosis: associations with lifestyle and other factors. Eur J Neurol 2018. 10.1111/ene.13784
  15. Kavanagh AM, Priest N, Emerson E, Milner A & King T. Gender, parental education and experiences of bullying victimization by Australian adolescents with and without a disability. Child Care Health Dev. 2018; 44(2) 332-341. 10.1111/cch.12545
  16. King T, Gullestrup J,  Batterham P, Kelly B, Lockwood C, Lingard H, Samuel B. Harvey SB, LaMontagne AD & Milner A. Shifting beliefs about Suicide: pre-Post Evaluation of the effectiveness of a program for workers in the construction industry.  Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15 (10), 2106. 10.3390/ijerph15102106
  17. King T, Aitken Z, Milner A, Emerson E, Priest N, Karahalios A, Kavanagh A & Blakely T. To what extent is the association between disability and mental health in adolescents mediated by bullying? A causal mediation analysis. Int J Epidemiol, 2018; 47(5), 1402-1413. doi:10.1093/ije/dyy1543
  18. King TL, Kavanagh A, Scovelle AJ & Milner A. Associations between gender equality and health: A Systematic Review. Health Promot Int 2018 Dec 7, doi: 10.1093/yel/day093
  19. Klingelschmidt J, Milner A, Khireddine-Medouni I, Witt K, Alexopoulos E, Toivanen S, LaMontagne AD, Chastang JF, Niedhammer I. Suicide among agricultural, forestry and fishery workers: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Scand J Work Environ Health 2018;44(1):3-15. 10.5271/sjweh.3682
  20. Krnjacki L, Priest N, King T, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Llewellyn G & Kavanagh AM. Disability-based discrimination and health: Findings from an Australian-based population study. Aust NZ J Public Health 2018 Apr;42(2):172-174. 10.1111/1753-6405.12735
  21. Leong TI, Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA, Simpson S Jr, Brown CR, Neate SL, Taylor KL, O'Kearney E, Milanzi E, De Livera AM. Longitudinal associations of the healthy lifestyle index score with quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis: A prospective cohort study. Frontiers in Neurology. 2018 Nov 2. 10.3389/fneur.2018.00874
  22. Loh VHY, Rachele JN, Brown WJ, Ghani F & Turrell G. Neighborhood Disadvantage and Physical Function: The Contributions of Neighborhood-Level Perceptions of Safety From Crime and Walking for Recreation. J Phys Act Health. 2018 Apr 20:1-11.  10.1123/jpah.2017-0423
  23. Loh VHY, Rachele JN, Brown, W. J., Washington, S., & Turrell, G. Neighborhood disadvantage and physical function: the contributions of neighborhood perceptions of safety from crime and walking for recreation. J Phys Act & Health 2018 Aug 1;15(8):553-563. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2017-0423
  24. Malbon E, Alexander D, Carey G, Reeders D, Green C, Dickinson H & Kavanagh A. Adapting to a marketized system: Network analysis of a personalisation scheme in early implementation. Health Soc Care Community. 2018 27 August (Epub). 10.1111/hsc.12639
  25. Marck CH, De Livera AM, Brown CR, Neate SL, Taylor KL, Weiland TJ, EJ Hadgkiss, Jelinek GA. Health outcomes and adherence to a healthy lifestyle after a multimodal intervention in people with multiple sclerosis: three year follow-up. PLoS One 2018, 13(5), e0197759. 10.1371/journal.pone.0197759