The Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program (KDPP)

Project Details

The Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program (K-DPP) is a group-based peer-support lifestyle intervention aimed at reducing the risk of Type 2 Diabetes in high-risk individuals. The details of the K-DPP intervention program included increasing the consumption of fruit, vegetables and fibre; reducing the intake of carbohydrates with high glycaemic index and total and saturated fats; increasing physical activity; reducing tobacco use; reducing alcohol consumption; and setting realistic goals for weight loss and other lifestyle risks. The K-DPP intervention program consisted of the following four core components: (1) Group-based peer-support program consisting of 15 sessions for high-risk individuals: The intervention participants received a 12-month intervention program consisting of 15 sessions, aimed at targeting and monitoring lifestyle behaviours. The findings of this unique community-based intervention model using low technology and local expertise for reducing diabetes incidence are also relevant and have been applied to other LMICs as well as resource-poor settings in high-income countries. The program findings have been used to inform the future development, adaptation and implementation of diabetes prevention programs to reduce long-term diabetes risk in India and other LMICs. Lessons from this study will also be relevant and have applicability to other rapidly developing low- and middle-income countries with high burdens of type 2 diabetes.

Researchers

Professor Brian Oldenburg

Professor Kavumpurathu Thankappan

Associate Professor Robyn Tapp

Professor Ajay Mahal

Assistant Professor Jeemon Panniyammakal

Doctor Sathish Thirunavukkarasu

Professor Edwin Fisher

Doctor Nitin Kapoor

Funding

NHMRC Project Grant - $209,400

Research Publications

  • Oldenburg B, Absetz P, Dunbar JA, Reddy P, O’Neil A.  The spread and uptake of diabetes prevention programs around the world: a case study from Finland and Australia. Translational Behavioral Medicine 2011; 1(2): 270-282.
  • Daivadanam M, Absetz P, Sathish T, Thankappan KR, Fisher EB, Philip NE, Oldenburg B.  Lifestyle change in Kerala, India: needs assessment and planning for a community-based diabetes prevention trial. BMC Public Health 2013; 13(1): 95.
  • Sathish T, Williams ED, Pasricha N, Absetz P, Lorgelly P, Wolfe R, Fisher E. Cluster randomised controlled trial of a peer-led lifestyle intervention program: study protocol for the Kerala diabetes prevention program. BMC Public Health 2013; 13(1): 1035.
  • Aziz Z, Absetz P, Oldroyd J, Pronk NP, Oldenburg B. A systematic review of real-world diabetes prevention programs: learnings from the last 15 years. Implementation Science 2015; 10(1): 172.

Research Group

Non Communicable Disease Unit



Faculty Research Themes

Infection and Immunology

School Research Themes

Prevention and management of non-communicable diseases (including cancer), and promotion of mental health



Key Contact

For further information about this research, please contact the research group leader.

Department / Centre

Nossal Institute for Global Health

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