Northeast India Knowledge Network

Project Details

Since 2009, the Nossal Institute has explored and documented the HIV epidemic and response in two Northeast Indian states, Manipur and Nagaland—areas where the HIV epidemic and illicit injecting drug use are major public health problems. With our Indian partners we collectively produced nine monographs and more than twenty peer-reviewed publications. The Northeast India Knowledge Network project is also facilitating the scale-up of methadone treatment for people who are opiate dependent and a prospective longitudinal cohort study of clients attending an opioid substitution therapy program in Manipur.

Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the project is implemented in collaboration with the Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA); the Indian Council of Medical Research in Dibrugarh; the Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) in Imphal, the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI); and, the National AIDS Control Organisation India (NACO).

The Northeast India Knowledge Network project documented HIV prevention program learning in Manipur and Nagaland. This is a geo-politically complex setting where injecting drug use is a significant route of HIV transmission. The project described HIV transmission dynamics and assessed the impact of HIV prevention efforts in the region. The project worked through a collaborative effort of several national and local organizations that are engaged in a process of data analysis, primarily using existing data sources. The project uses a consultative process which ensures that our analytic efforts are prioritized to effectively meet the needs of relevant donor and government agencies, NGOs and affected communities. The findings were widely disseminated in order to contribute to the evidence base of HIV prevention in India more broadly.

Specifically the Nossal Institute:

  • Contributed to the improvement and use of HIV data for evidence-based planning in North-East India;
  • Built the capacity of partners in data management, analysis and interpretation;
  • Ensured a consultative and collaborative approach with stakeholders;
  • Analysed and documenting programmatic learning’s;
  • Monitored HIV transmission dynamics;
  • Assessed the impact of HIV prevention programs;
  • Produced publications in peer-reviewed journals, an inventory of data, a summary report on prioritised research areas and selected topics for commissioned research; and briefing papers on selected and relevant topics.
  • Developed nine monographs and more than twenty peer-reviewed publications

The final activity – the methadone substitution program scale-up and study will be completed in September 2018.


Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Research Group

Maternal, Sexual and Reproductive Health

Faculty Research Themes

Child Health, Infection and Immunology

School Research Themes

Disparities, disadvantage and effective health care, Screening and early detection of disease

Key Contact

For further information about this research, please contact the research group leader.

Department / Centre

Nossal Institute for Global Health

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